4 Channel Compact Relay Board Using SMD Components ULN2003

4 Channel Relay Board is a simple and convenient way to interface 4 relays for switching application in your project. Very compact design can fit in small area, manly this board is made for low voltage application.

Features

  • Input supply 12 VDC @ 170 mA
  • Output four SPDT relay
  • Relay specification  10A/24V DC
  • Trigger level 2 ~ 5 VDC
  • Header Connector for connecting power and trigger voltage
  •  LED on each channel indicates relay status
  •  Power Battery Terminal (PBT) for easy relay output and aux power connection
  •  Four mounting holes of 3.2 mm each

 

Applications: Robotics, Electronics projects, Industrial controls, Microwaves Oven, Fans, DC Motor, AC Lamp, Solenoids Remote Controls etc.

 

Note: The board is designed for low voltage switching application, maximum supply at relay contacts 48V DC/7Amps

 

 

 

 

2 Channel Relay Board Using SMD Components ULN2003

Dual channel Compact  Relay driver module can be controlled by feeding 2-12V trigger voltage, Very useful project for application like Micro-Controller based projects, Remote controller, Lamp on Off, and any circuits which required isolated 5A current and high voltage switching by applying any TTL or CMOS level voltage. Two LED works as operation indicator, 3 pins screw terminals to connect load.  Relay provides both normally open and normally closed switching.

Note: Board is made only for low voltage switching applications.

  •     Input: 12 VDC @ 84 mA
  •     Output: Two SPDT relay
  •     Relay specification: 5 A @ 60 VAC
  •     Trigger level: 2 to 12 VDC
  •     Header connector for connecting power and trigger voltage
  •     LED on each channel indicates relay status
  •     Power Battery Terminal (PBT) for easy relay output connection

 

Dual Full-Bridge PWM Motor Driver with Brake Using A3968

 

The A3968 bidirectionally controls two DC motors. The device includes two full-bridges capable of continuous output currents of ±650 mA and operating voltages to 30 V. Motor winding current can be controlled by the internal fixed-frequency, pulse-width modulated (PWM), current-control circuitry. The peak load current limit is set by user selection of a reference voltage and current-sensing resistors.The fixed-frequency pulse duration is set by a user-selected external RC timing network. The capacitor in the RC timing network also determines a user-selectable blanking window that prevents false triggering of the PWM current-control circuitry during switching transitions.To reduce on-chip power dissipation, the full-bridge power outputs have been optimized for low saturation voltages. The sink drivers feature the Allegro® patented Satlington® output structure. The Satlington outputs combine the low voltage drop of a saturated transistor and the high peak current capability of a Darlington.For each bridge, the INPUTA and INPUTB terminals determine the load-current polarity by enabling the appropriate source and sink driver pair. When a logic low is applied to both INPUTs of a bridge, the braking function is enabled. In brake mode, both source drivers are turned off and both sink drivers are turned on, thereby dynamically braking the motor. When a logic high is applied to both INPUTs of a bridge, all output drivers are disabled.Special power-up sequencing is not required. Internal circuit protection includes thermal shutdown with hysteresis, ground-clamp and flyback diodes, and crossover-current protection.

  •     ±650 mA continuous output current
  •     30 V output voltage rating
  •     Internal fixed-frequency PWM current control
  •     Satlington® sink drivers
  •     Brake mode
  •     User-selectable blanking window
  •     Internal ground-clamp and flyback diodes
  •     Internal thermal-shutdown circuitry
  •     Crossover-current protection and UVLO protection

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3A Full-Bridge PWM DC Motor Driver Using A3959

Designed for pulse-width modulated (PWM) current control of dc motors, the A3959 is  capable of output currents to ±3 A and operating voltages to 50 V. Internal fixed off-time PWM current-control timing circuitry can be adjusted via control inputs to operate in slow, fast, and mixed current-decay modes. PHASE and ENABLE input terminals are provided for use in controlling the speed and direction of a dc motor with externally applied PWM-control signals. Internal synchronous rectification control circuitry is provided to reduce power dissipation during PWM operation. Internal circuit protection includes thermal shutdown with hysteresis, under voltage monitoring of supply and charge pump, and crossover-current protection. Special power-up sequencing is not required.

  • ±3 A, 50 V Output Rating
  • Low rDS(on) Outputs (270 milliohms, Typical)
  • Mixed, Fast, and Slow Current-Decay Modes
  • Synchronous Rectification for Low Power Dissipation
  • Internal UVLO and Thermal-Shutdown Circuitry
  • Crossover-Current Protection
  • Internal Oscillator for Digital PWM Timing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.5A Full-Bridge PWM Motor Driver Using A4973 Circuit

The Schematic is based on A4973 IC, Designed for bidirectional pulse width modulated (PWM) current control of inductive loads, the A4973 is capable of continuous output currents to ±1.5 A and operating voltages to 50 V. Internal fixed off-time PWM current-control circuitry can be used to regulate the maximum load current to a desired value. The peak load current limit is set by the user’s selection of an input reference voltage and external sensing resistor. The fixed off-time pulse duration is set by a user- selected external RC timing network. Internal circuit protection includes thermal shutdown with hysteresis, transient-suppression diodes, and crossover current protection. Special power-up sequencing is not required. With the ENABLE input held low, the PHASE input controls load current polarity by selecting the appropriate source and sink driver pair. The MODE input determines whether the PWM current-control circuitry operates in a slow current-decay mode (only the selected source driver switching) or in a fast current-decay mode (selected source and sink switching). A user-selectable blanking window prevents false triggering of the PWM current-control circuitry. With the ENABLE input held high, all output drivers are disabled. A sleep mode is provided to reduce power consumption.

Note : – For Higher Motor Supply (12-50V) Input, Omit U2 , in the case logic 5V supply required and possible Motor supply range 12-50V DC 

Note : – Refer data sheet of IC A4973 for R1 and R2 Value

▪ ±1.5 A continuous output current

▪ 12 V DC Supply

▪ 3 V to 5.5 V logic supply voltage

▪ Internal PWM current control

▪ Fast and slow current-decay modes

▪ Sleep (low current consumption) mode

▪ Internal transient-suppression diodes

▪ Internal thermal shutdown circuitry

▪ Crossover current and UVLO protection

 

 

 

Inside IC A4973

 

50A IPM Intelligent Power Module for VFD and AC Servo Using STK5F4U3E2D-E IC Schematic PCB Layout

50A IPM Intelligent Power Module for VFD and AC Servo Using STK5F4U3E2D-E IC Schematic PCB Layout

The Circuit is based on STK5F4U3E2D-E IC from www.onsemi.com, this module can handle current up to 50Amps, and very useful for VFD drive and AC Servo applications, The Intelligent Power Module (IPM) is a fully integrated three phase inverter power stage. It is best suited for driving permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSM), brushless-DC (BLDC) motors and AC asynchronous motors.

PDF Schematic

Data Sheet STK5F4U3E2D-E

Features

  • 3-Phase IGBT Motor Drive module with integrated drivers
  • Three Separate Emitter Connections
  • Cross-Conduction protection
  • Current Sense with an External Resistor
  • Enable Pin for external shutdown
  • Under Voltage lockout protection
  • Adjustable Overcurrent protection level
  • Output Configuration 3 Phase
  • Maximum Output Current 100A
  • Maximum IGBT Collector Current 50A
  • Maximum Collector Emitter Voltage 600 V
  • Mounting Type Through Hole
  • Package Type PDIP
  • Pin Count 44
  • Maximum Operating Supply Voltage 5 V
  • Minimum Operating Supply Voltage 5 V
  • Typical Switching Frequency 20kHz
  • Maximum Isolation Rating 2000Vrms
  • Series Intelligent Power Module
  • Inverter Power Rating 5W
  • Maximum Operating Temperature +100 °C

 

 

 

 

Digital LED Dimmer With 2 Digit Display Using PIC Micro-Controller

Digital LED dimmer with 2 digit display, simple circuit using PIC16F1825  Micro-Controller and CAT4016 LED diver from www.onsemi.com .  LED intensity can set using two tact switches. The board provides TTL PWM 1-99% duty cycle out which required Mosfet/BJT transistor or LED driver on output for LED load. Frequency 250Hz.

  • Supply 4.5 to 5V DC
  • Range 01 to 99 Duty Cycle
  • On Board Two Switches for PWM
  • On Board Power LED

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LM317-ADJ Resistor Value and Circuit for 3.3V,5V,12V,15V,18V

LM317-ADJ Resistor Value and Circuit for 3.3V,5V,12V,15V,18V

CALCULATION COURTESY  WWW.REUK.CO.UK

 

 

Sorted List of Output Voltages with R1 and R2

1.43V R1 = 470, R2 = 68
1.47V R1 = 470, R2 = 82
1.48V R1 = 370, R2 = 68
1.51V R1 = 330, R2 = 68
1.51V R1 = 390, R2 = 82
1.52V R1 = 470, R2 = 100
1.53V R1 = 370, R2 = 82
1.56V R1 = 330, R2 = 82
1.57V R1 = 270, R2 = 68
1.57V R1 = 470, R2 = 120
1.57V R1 = 390, R2 = 100
1.59V R1 = 370, R2 = 100
1.60V R1 = 240, R2 = 68
1.63V R1 = 330, R2 = 100
1.63V R1 = 270, R2 = 82
1.64V R1 = 390, R2 = 120
1.64V R1 = 220, R2 = 68
1.65V R1 = 470, R2 = 150
1.66V R1 = 370, R2 = 120
1.68V R1 = 240, R2 = 82
1.71V R1 = 330, R2 = 120
1.71V R1 = 270, R2 = 100
1.72V R1 = 220, R2 = 82
1.72V R1 = 180, R2 = 68
1.73V R1 = 470, R2 = 180
1.73V R1 = 390, R2 = 150
1.76V R1 = 370, R2 = 150
1.77V R1 = 240, R2 = 100
1.81V R1 = 270, R2 = 120
1.82V R1 = 150, R2 = 68
1.82V R1 = 330, R2 = 150
1.82V R1 = 180, R2 = 82
1.83V R1 = 390, R2 = 180
1.84V R1 = 470, R2 = 220
1.86V R1 = 370, R2 = 180
1.88V R1 = 240, R2 = 120
1.89V R1 = 470, R2 = 240
1.93V R1 = 330, R2 = 180
1.93V R1 = 150, R2 = 82
1.94V R1 = 270, R2 = 150
1.96V R1 = 390, R2 = 220
1.97V R1 = 470, R2 = 270
1.99V R1 = 370, R2 = 220
2.02V R1 = 390, R2 = 240
2.03V R1 = 240, R2 = 150
2.06V R1 = 370, R2 = 240
2.08V R1 = 330, R2 = 220
2.10V R1 = 220, R2 = 150
2.12V R1 = 390, R2 = 270
2.13V R1 = 470, R2 = 330
2.16V R1 = 330, R2 = 240
2.16V R1 = 370, R2 = 270
2.19V R1 = 240, R2 = 180
2.23V R1 = 470, R2 = 370
2.25V R1 = 150, R2 = 120
2.27V R1 = 270, R2 = 220
2.27V R1 = 330, R2 = 270
2.29V R1 = 470, R2 = 390
2.29V R1 = 180, R2 = 150
2.31V R1 = 390, R2 = 330
2.36V R1 = 270, R2 = 240
2.37V R1 = 370, R2 = 330
2.40V R1 = 240, R2 = 220
2.44V R1 = 390, R2 = 370
2.50V R1 = 470, R2 = 470
2.57V R1 = 370, R2 = 390
2.61V R1 = 220, R2 = 240
2.65V R1 = 330, R2 = 370
2.66V R1 = 240, R2 = 270
2.73V R1 = 330, R2 = 390
2.74V R1 = 470, R2 = 560
2.75V R1 = 150, R2 = 180
2.76V R1 = 390, R2 = 470
2.78V R1 = 270, R2 = 330
2.78V R1 = 220, R2 = 270
2.84V R1 = 370, R2 = 470
2.92V R1 = 180, R2 = 240
2.96V R1 = 270, R2 = 370
2.97V R1 = 240, R2 = 330
3.03V R1 = 330, R2 = 470
3.05V R1 = 390, R2 = 560
3.06V R1 = 270, R2 = 390
3.06V R1 = 470, R2 = 680
3.08V R1 = 150, R2 = 220
3.13V R1 = 220, R2 = 330
3.14V R1 = 370, R2 = 560
3.18V R1 = 240, R2 = 370
3.25V R1 = 150, R2 = 240
3.28V R1 = 240, R2 = 390
3.35V R1 = 220, R2 = 370
3.37V R1 = 330, R2 = 560
3.43V R1 = 270, R2 = 470
3.43V R1 = 390, R2 = 680
3.43V R1 = 470, R2 = 820
3.47V R1 = 220, R2 = 390
3.50V R1 = 150, R2 = 270
3.54V R1 = 180, R2 = 330
3.55V R1 = 370, R2 = 680
3.70V R1 = 240, R2 = 470
3.82V R1 = 180, R2 = 370
3.83V R1 = 330, R2 = 680
3.84V R1 = 270, R2 = 560
3.88V R1 = 390, R2 = 820
3.91V R1 = 470, R2 = 1000
3.92V R1 = 220, R2 = 470
3.96V R1 = 180, R2 = 390
4.00V R1 = 150, R2 = 330
4.02V R1 = 370, R2 = 820
4.17V R1 = 240, R2 = 560
4.33V R1 = 150, R2 = 370
4.36V R1 = 330, R2 = 820
4.40V R1 = 270, R2 = 680
4.43V R1 = 220, R2 = 560
4.44V R1 = 470, R2 = 1200
4.46V R1 = 390, R2 = 1000
4.50V R1 = 150, R2 = 390
4.51V R1 = 180, R2 = 470
4.63V R1 = 370, R2 = 1000
4.79V R1 = 240, R2 = 680
5.04V R1 = 330, R2 = 1000
5.05V R1 = 270, R2 = 820
5.10V R1 = 390, R2 = 1200
5.11V R1 = 220, R2 = 680
5.14V R1 = 180, R2 = 560
5.17V R1 = 150, R2 = 470
5.24V R1 = 470, R2 = 1500
5.30V R1 = 370, R2 = 1200
5.52V R1 = 240, R2 = 820
5.80V R1 = 330, R2 = 1200
5.88V R1 = 270, R2 = 1000
5.91V R1 = 220, R2 = 820
5.92V R1 = 150, R2 = 560
5.97V R1 = 180, R2 = 680
6.04V R1 = 470, R2 = 1800
6.06V R1 = 390, R2 = 1500
6.32V R1 = 370, R2 = 1500
6.46V R1 = 240, R2 = 1000
6.81V R1 = 270, R2 = 1200
6.92V R1 = 150, R2 = 680
6.93V R1 = 330, R2 = 1500
6.94V R1 = 180, R2 = 820
7.02V R1 = 390, R2 = 1800
7.10V R1 = 470, R2 = 2200
7.33V R1 = 370, R2 = 1800
7.50V R1 = 240, R2 = 1200
8.07V R1 = 330, R2 = 1800
8.08V R1 = 150, R2 = 820
8.19V R1 = 270, R2 = 1500
8.30V R1 = 390, R2 = 2200
8.43V R1 = 470, R2 = 2700
8.68V R1 = 370, R2 = 2200
9.06V R1 = 240, R2 = 1500
9.58V R1 = 330, R2 = 2200
9.77V R1 = 220, R2 = 1500
9.90V R1 = 390, R2 = 2700
10.03V R1 = 470, R2 = 3300
10.37V R1 = 370, R2 = 2700
10.63V R1 = 240, R2 = 1800
11.25V R1 = 150, R2 = 1200
11.44V R1 = 270, R2 = 2200
11.48V R1 = 330, R2 = 2700
11.67V R1 = 180, R2 = 1500
11.83V R1 = 390, R2 = 3300
12.40V R1 = 370, R2 = 3300
12.71V R1 = 240, R2 = 2200
13.75V R1 = 330, R2 = 3300
15.31V R1 = 240, R2 = 2700
16.25V R1 = 150, R2 = 1800
16.53V R1 = 270, R2 = 3300
16.59V R1 = 220, R2 = 2700
18.44V R1 = 240, R2 = 3300
19.58V R1 = 150, R2 = 2200
20.00V R1 = 220, R2 = 3300
23.75V R1 = 150, R2 = 2700
24.17V R1 = 180, R2 = 3300
28.75V R1 = 150, R2 = 3300

2.3 Inch Large Size 3 Digit 7 Segment SPI Display Schematic and PCB using 74HC595 and ULN2803

3 Digit 2.3 inch 7 segments SPI protocol Display module using 74HC595 project will display large size 7 segment 3 digit numbers. 2.3 Inch height, which can be visible over large distance.  More digit can be connected serially to each other easily trough connector.

This circuit is a 3 digit seven segment big display using 74HC595 shift register for easy control by micro-controller. useful circuit to make Timer, stop watch, Score Board, Token No, Vehicle counter at parking and many other applications.

Features

  • Supply 12V DC For Display
  • Supply 5V For logic 75HC595
  • Inputs data TTL signals

 

 

 

DOWNLOAD PDF PCB LAYOUT

DOWNLOAD PDF SCHEMATIC

 

 

 

 

 

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